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Healthy Habits Associated with Reduced Mortality from Heart Disease

Tuesday, March 20, 2012 // Uncategorized

Sounds like common sense, right?  This is a Journal Watch summary of an study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.  According to one study  75% of health care costs are a result of unhealthy habits.

Trends in Cardiovascular Health Metrics and Associations With All-Cause and CVD Mortality Among US Adults

  1. Quanhe Yang, PhD;
  2. Mary E. Cogswell, DrPH;
  3. W. Dana Flanders, MD, ScD;
  4. Yuling Hong, MD, PhD;
  5. Zefeng Zhang, MD, PhD;
  6. Fleetwood Loustalot, FNP, PhD;
  7. Cathleen Gillespie, MS;
  8. Robert Merritt, BA, MA;
  9. Frank B. Hu, MD, PhD

Healthy Habits Associated with Reduced Mortality Risk
People who meet more of the healthy goals recommended by the American Heart Association are less likely to die of cardiovascular causes, according to a JAMA study.
Researchers used NHANES surveys and physical exams of 13,000 people to study the prevalence of seven ideal cardiovascular health factors promoted by the AHA, including:
not smoking;
moderate exercise at least 5 times a week;
untreated blood pressure under 120/80;
HbA1c under 5.7%;
total cholesterol under 200 mg/dL;
BMI less than 25;
a diet high in produce, fish, and whole grains, and low in sodium and sugary beverages.
Less than 2% of people reached all seven ideals. Over a 15-year median follow-up, the proportion meeting zero or one goal increased from 7.2% to 8.8%. Those who met six or seven goals had reduced risks for all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.49), compared with participants meeting zero or one goal.

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